Also called the Angiosperms, the Magnoliophyta are the
flowering plants. This group is the most diverse, ecologically dominant
and economically important of all the living plant phyla. Although woody
forms (trees and shrubs) are common in this group, herbaceous members are
ubiquitous. The flowering plants are traditionally divided into two groups:
Magnoliopsida (the "dicots") and Class Liliopsida
(the "monocots"). There are many characteristics that distinguish
these two groups but the two most important for field identification are
the leaves and the flowers. The monocots tend to have parallel-veined leaves
and their flower parts tend to occur in multiples of 3. The dicots have
leaves with reticulate or net-like veins and tend to produce flower parts
in multiples of 4 or 5.
*NOTE: Family placement follows Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
|Class MAGNOLIOPSIDA||Class LILIOPSIDA|
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