Whereas We are Credibly informed that One Negro Man slave Named Tom belonging
to Thomas Patteson of the said County, Planter, after the Murdering of
Glin re viea Fitzgarrald [sic] the Ninth day of this present Month at Night,
Runnaway and took with him his said Masters Arms & ammunition, and
is now lying Out hid, lurking, and doing Mischief within this County:
Therefore, in his Majesty’s Name, We hereby require the said
slave forthwith to surrender himself, Or to return home to his said Master:
And We also require the sheriff of the County aforesaid to make diligent
search, and to apprehend the said slave and carry before some Magistrate
of this County to be examined touching the said Murder and Felony: And
the said sheriff is hereby empowered to raise and take with him such power
of this County as he shall think fit and Necessary for the effectual apprehending
the said Outlying Slave: And we further declare if the said Slave shall
not surrender himself or return immediately after due Publication of these
presents, That then any Person whatsoever may lawfully kill and distroy
him without being liable to any Penalty for so doing. And hereof all persons
are required to take due notice.
Given under Our Hands & Seals this 18th Day of May, 1773.
God save the King
John Nicholas (L.S.)
Chas. May (Seal).
[On other side of sheet]
Buckingham co. to wit
I do hereby certify that the within proclamation was publish’d
at the several churches in this county according to law—given under my
hand this eleventh day of April 1774.
Wm. Peasely, Rector
of Tillotson Parish.
[Tom was outlawed after an inquiry into the death of Fitzgarrald.]
I do hereby Certify that on the 10th day of May last
I was called upon to take an Inquest on the Body of a woman of the name
of ............................ Fitchgarrald whereupon I isued a warrant
to the Constable of the County aforesaid to sum'n Twenty four freeholders,
& on their appearing at Thos. Patteson's in the County aforesaid a
Jury was charged & on the examination of Severall Witnesses Touching
the said Murder'd [sic] it appeared to the said Jury that the said Fitchgarrald
came by her death by Receiving a Mortal wound from the hands of Tom a Negro
Man slave the property of the said Thos. Patteson & that the said Negro
Tom was then fled for it. Certify'd from under my hand this 14th day of
Chas. Patteson, Coroner.
[After Tom was found dead, the county court valued him at eighty-five
The Publick to Thomas Patteson Dr.
To the within negro who was outlawed & found dead
(adjudged by the Jury that he was the cause of his own death).
[The above documents were forwarded to the House of
Burgesses where Patterson petitioned for compensation.]
To the Hon’e Mr. Speaker & Gent’n of the House of Burgesses.
the petition of Thomas Patterson of Buckingham County,
Humbly sheweth, that on the 18th day of May 1773, he had a Negro
man Slave named Tom outlawed agreable to Law and due Publication made of
the same and after which he the said Negro Fellow was found Shott as supposed
by himself to prevent being taken, he having before his running away Committed
a Murder on a white Woman upon whis he absconded carring [sic] with him
two of your Petitioners Guns. Your Petitioner therefore Prays such relief
as you in your Wisdom shall think just and shall ever pray &c.
Thos. Patterson’s Petition ref’d to Claims, May 12th, 1774. reasonable.
report specially. reported 13th May, ’74.
from "Miscellaneous Colonial Documents," in Virginia
Magazine of History and Biography vol. XVIII (1910), pp. 279-281.
see also petitions in the Journals
of the House of Burgesses